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Linear Potential Sweep Voltammetry in Conjunction with Small Amplitude Cyclic Voltammetry Study for Chalcopyrite-Xanthate Electrochemical Flotation System

Arief Sudarsono 

Abstract. The present study was undertaken to investigate the electrochemical aspects of reactions on platinum, copper, and chalcopyrite aqueous xanthate solution interfaces by the small amplitude cyclic voltammetry (SACV) technique. In the technique, the potential of an electrode is swept linearly with time within very narrow potential limits. Typically a 10 to 20 mV peak-to-peak triangular potential excitation has been used. Characteristic parameters of the observed current-potential response loop, like apparent polarization resistance, was used to analyze the surface reaction mechanism in the flotation of chalcopyrite minerals. The analysis of the electrochemical interaction between platinum, copper and xanthate ions has also been carried out by using linear potential sweep voltammetry (LPSV) techniques in different xanthate concentrations. The voltammograms obtained on platinum appear due to the possibility of the formation of dixanthogen from the oxidation of xanthate ions, and the formation of copper-xanthate species from elecbochemical reactions between xanthate ions and copper.

Keywords: electrochemical; fotation; platinum; copper, dixanthogen; chalcopyrite; small amplitude cyclic; voltammetry; linear potential sweep voltammetry; micro-flotation cell

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