DOI Number :
Hits : 14

The Effects of Tropospheric Bias on Deformation Monitoring of MT. Guntur using GPS Survey Method

Hasanuddin Z. Abidin, O. Yolanda, I. Meilano, O.K. Suganda, M.A. Kusuma, D. Muhardi, B. Setyadi, R. Sukhyar, J. Kahar & T. Tanaka


Abstract. A reliable volcano deformation monitoring requires a high positioning accuracy, i.e. up to mm level in the case of reawakening volcanoes. As a consequence of this requirement, the errors and biases affecting the GPS positioning accuracy has to be eliminated or reduced, which one of them is the tropospheric bias. In the case of volcano deformation monitoring using the GPS survey method, due to a relatively large altitude variation in the stations altitude, the elfects of tropospheric bias could not be effectively reduced by the differencing process. In order to meet the accuracy requirement of volcano deformation monitoring system, this residual tropospheric bias, therefore, has to be somehow corrected or taken into account. In this paper, the effects of tropospheric bias on the volcano deformation monitoring will be discussed. The discussion is based on the results from the deformation monitoring of Guntur volcano in Garut, West Java, by using repeated GPS surveys.

Keywords: GPS, volcano, deformation, monitoring, tropospheric bias

Download Article
Bahasa Indonesia | English


Begin on 10 October 2014 this website is no longer activated for article process in Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, Journal of ICT Research and Applications and Journal of Visual Art and Design. The next process will be proceeded under new website at

For detail information please contact us to:

       ITB Journal Visitor Number #16132696       
       Jl. Tamansari 64, Bandung 40116, Indonesia Visitor IP Address #       
       Tel : +62-22-250 1759 ext. 121 2011 Institut Teknologi Bandung       
       Fax : +62-22-250 4010, +62-22-251 1215 XHTML + CSS + RSS       
       E-mail : or Developed by AVE