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Simple Method to Calculate the Oscillating Lift on a Circular Cylinder in Potential Flow

Harijono Djojodihardjo

Abstract. A simple potential flow model is presented to calculate the oscillating lift on a circular cylinder. In essence, the time dependent lift acting on a cylinder is due to the presence of a vortex shed off the separation point on the cylinder. The vortex strength and its trajectory is predicted employing the condition of zero force on the vortex and its feeding vortex sheet. The vortex breaks away from the cylinder and is convected by the fluid after the vortex strength reaches a maximum value, and another vortex is shed at the other side of the cylinder. Oscillating lift with the right order of magnitude of available experimental results was predicted. For subcritical flow, good agreement is obtained between the predicted Strouhal number and that found experimentally.


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