DOI Number : 10.5614/itbj.sci.2004.36.1.3
Hits : 17

Pengaruh Konsentrasi Oksidator pada Proses Hidroksilasi Minyak Jarak (Castor Oil) dengan atau tanpa Proteksi Gugus Hidroksi

Marlina1,2, N. M. Surdia1, C. L. Radiman1 & S. Achmad1

1Departemen Kimia, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Ganesha 10 Bandung

2Jurusan Kimia,  Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam-Banda Aceh
E-mail: marlina_rachman@yahoo.com

 


Abstract.

Oil is derived from the bean of castor plant ricinus communis l., belonging to euphorbiaceae family. Oil rendement per gram of castor bean is  45 48 % with hight pure product and better than standard resulted  by The Association of Official Analytical Chemistry (AOAC). The main components in castor oil are oleic, palmitic and resinoleic acid. Protection process by acetylation occurs well on hydroxyl group of castor oil, indicated by increasing of iodine number and decreasing of hydroxyl number. Oxidation process is more efective on protected oil than non protected oil. The excess of oxidator concentration changed the product to be aldehide and carboxylic acid. Optimum condition was reached when oxidator concentration was 15 %, with hydroxyl value of 1280.438 mg/g and iodine number of 33.093 mg/g.



Keywords: acetylation; castor oil; hydroxyl value; iodine number; isolation; oxidation; protection; soxhletation.

Download Article
 
Bahasa Indonesia | English
 
 
 

Notification:

Begin on 10 October 2014 this website is no longer activated for article process in Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, Journal of ICT Research and Applications and Journal of Visual Art and Design. The next process will be proceeded under new website at http://journals.itb.ac.id.

For detail information please contact us to: journal@lppm.itb.ac.id.

 
       
       
       ITB Journal Visitor Number #12462147       
       Jl. Tamansari 64, Bandung 40116, Indonesia Visitor IP Address #       
       Tel : +62-22-250 1759 ext. 121 2011 Institut Teknologi Bandung       
       Fax : +62-22-250 4010, +62-22-251 1215 XHTML + CSS + RSS       
       E-mail : journal@lppm.itb.ac.id or proceedings@lppm.itb.ac.id Developed by AVE