DOI Number : 10.5614/itbj.eng.sci.2009.41.1.6
Hits : 10

Decision Support System for Selection of Suitable Mariculture Site in the Western Part of Java Sea, Indonesia

W. Windupranata1 & R. Mayerle2

1Hydrographic Science and Engineering Research Division, Faculty of Earth Science and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia

Jl. Ganesha 10 Bandung 40132, Email:

2Research and Technology Centre, Kiel University, Germany

Otto Hahn Platz 3, 24118 Kiel, Email:

Abstract. Mariculture (marine aquaculture) has been intensified and has created essential employment opportunities over the last two-decades in Indonesia, as well as many other countries in the world. This development has also augmented environmental concerns and questions about possible environmental impacts. Considerable amounts of nutrient waste in dissolved and particulate form were released by intensive fish faming into the environment through feed excess, soluble fish excretion and faeces production. One of the first steps to avoid the dangerous environmental impacts is careful site selection. Hence, before the implementation of fish farming mariculture activities, appropriate site conditions for culturing the species should be selected in order to minimize environmental impacts arising from the farming activities (sustainability) as well as to guarantee adequate conditions from the operational point of view (suitability). The paper focuses on the development of a Decision Support System (DSS) as a tool for the decision maker in coastal zone management and mariculture for the appropriate selection of mariculture site location. Extensive use of GIS as part of the Decision Support System was deployed in this study. The DSS is based on physical, chemical and sediment criteria as well as on data of conflicting coastal use. The GIS analysis results in a map indicating the suitable areas for the improved method of offshore cage mariculture. In this study, emphasis was placed on finfish species, however the methods and results may be employed for other species as well following some modifications. The DSS was applied for the western part of Java Sea, Indonesia. The data were acquired from direct field measurement, numerical modelling and existing information from particular agencies. Numerical modelling was used to obtain spatial and temporal distributions of hydrodynamic parameters (i.e. current velocities and water levels). The Delft3D modelling system (Delft Hydraulics, The Netherlands) was employed for this purpose. The DSS was developed under GIS application of ESRI® ArcGIS™ using weighted overlay method. Due to lack of data, some parameters were excluded from the analysis. The results showed the adequacy of the system for supporting governmental authorities in the implementation, environmental controlling, and estimation of overall carrying capacity for environmental sustainable marine fish farming.

Keywords: Decision Support System; Geographic Information System; mariculture; marine fish farming; suitability; environmental sustainability; numerical model

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