DOI Number : 10.5614/itbj.sci.2008.40.2.1
Hits : 1

Effect of Growth Temperature and Mn Incorporation on GaN:Mn Thin Films Grown by Plasma-Assisted MOCVD

Budi Mulyanti1, A.Subagio2,3, F.S. Arsyad4, P. Arifin2, M. Barmawi2, Irzaman5,  Z. Jamal6 & U. Hashim6

1Department of Electrical Engineering Education,

Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI), Bandung

2Laboratory of Electronic Material Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and

Natural Sciences, Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB), Bandung

3Department of Physics, Diponegoro University (Undip), Semarang

4Department of Physics, Sriwijaya University (Unsri), Palembang

5Department of Physics, Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB), Bogor

6School of Microelectronics, KUKUM, Perlis, Malaysia



In this paper, the growth of GaN:Mn thin films by plasma-assisted metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (PAMOCVD) method is reported. The method used in this study, utilizes a microwave cavity as a cracking cell to produce nitrogen radicals, which in turn reduce the growth temperature. Trimethylgallium (TMGa), nitrogen (N2) and cyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (CpMnT) were used as a source of Ga, N and Mn,   respectively, while hydrogen gas was used as a carrier gas for both TMGa and CpMnT.  The effect of growth temperature and Mn incorporation on structural properties and surface morphology of GaN:Mn films are presented. The growth of GaN:Mn  thin films were conducted at varied growth temperature in range of 625 oC to 700 oC and  the  Mn/Ga molar fraction in the range of  0.2 to 0.5. Energy dispersive of X-ray (EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods were used to analyze atomic composition and crystal structure of the grown films, respectively. The surface morphology was then characterized using both atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images.

A systematic XRD analysis reveal that maximum Mn incorporation that still produces single phase GaN:Mn (0002) is 6.4 % and 3.2 % for the film grown at 650 oC and 700 oC, respectively. The lattice constant and full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the single phase films depend on the Mn concentration. The decrease in lattice constant accompanied by the increase in FWHM is due to incorporation of substitutional Mn on the Ga sub-lattice.  The maximum values of doped Mn atoms incorporated in the wurtzite structure of GaN:Mn as substitutional atoms on Ga sub-lattice are 2.0 %  and 2.5 % at 650 oC  and 700 oC, respectively. AFM and SEM images show that the film grown at lower growth temperature and Mn concentration has a better surface than that of film grown at higher growth temperature and Mn concentration.

Keywords: GaN:Mn; PA-MOCVD; EDX; XRD; AFM; SEM

Download Article
Bahasa Indonesia | English


Begin on 10 October 2014 this website is no longer activated for article process in Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, Journal of ICT Research and Applications and Journal of Visual Art and Design. The next process will be proceeded under new website at

For detail information please contact us to:

       ITB Journal Visitor Number #10140142       
       Jl. Tamansari 64, Bandung 40116, Indonesia Visitor IP Address #       
       Tel : +62-22-250 1759 ext. 121 2011 Institut Teknologi Bandung       
       Fax : +62-22-250 4010, +62-22-251 1215 XHTML + CSS + RSS       
       E-mail : or Developed by AVE