DOI Number : 10.5614/
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Litsea cubeba Essential Oil Yield Harvested from Different Habitat Types on Mt. Papandayan, West Java, Indonesia

Ichsan Suwandhi1,2, Cecep Kusmana1, Ani Suryani3 & Tatang Tiryana4

1Departement of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry Institut Pertanian Bogor,
Jalan Raya Darmaga Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor 16680, Indonesia
2School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung,
Jalan Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
3Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agriculture Engineering and Technology IPB, Jalan Raya Darmaga Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor 16680, Indonesia
4Departement of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry, Institut Pertanian Bogor,
Jalan Raya Darmaga Kampus IPB Darmaga Bogor 16680, Indonesia


Abstract. The objective of this research was to determine the yield and chemical composition of Litsea cubeba essential oil harvested from different habitat types on Mount Papandayan, West Java, Indonesia. The methods used were determination of sample plots at each habitat, followed by laboratory testing. Leaf samples were taken from each plot, the oil was extracted in the laboratory using steam distillation, which was subsequently analyzed by GC-MS. The results showed that the yield of essential oil was high (2.76-9.33%). The three dominant chemical compounds found were eucalyptol (16.97-55.78%), α-terpinenyl acetate (7.27-20.44%), and sabinene (14.45-68.05%). The results confirmed the expectation that Litsea cubeba essential oils extracted from Litsea cubeba trees growing in various habitats on Mount Papandayan would show a variety in yield and chemical composition.

Keywords: composition; essential oil; Litsea cubeba; site types; varieties.

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