DOI Number : 10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2013.45.3.2
Hits : 3

Nonlinear Finite Element Modeling of Red Meranti Compression at an Angle to the Grain

Yosafat A. Pranata1 & Bambang Suryoatmono2
1Department of Civil Engineering, Maranatha Christian University, Indonesia
Jalan Suria Sumantri 65, Bandung, 40164, Indonesia
2Department of Civil Engineering, Parahyangan Catholic University, Indonesia
Jalan Ciumbuleuit 94, Bandung, 40141, Indonesia

Abstract. In an orthotropic material, the grain angle has a significant influence on its mechanical properties. The aim of this research was to perform a numerical simulation using a nonlinear finite element analysis (FEA) to obtain the compression strength of the Red Meranti (shorea spp.) timber species at an angle to the grain ranging from 12° to 80°. The material properties needed for the analysis were obtained from clear specimen tests. To investigate the validity of the numerical results, various cross grain specimens were tested under uniaxial compressive stress. It has been shown in this study that an FEA based on the distortion energy of an orthotropic material can be used to obtain the compressive strength at proportional limit for cross grain specimens. Compa-rison with the experimental results showed that for a cross grain angle between 12° and 80° the FEA predicted the strength to be 9.4% to 33.6% lower than the experimental results. Compared to using Hankinson’s formula to predict the compressive strength at a cross grain angle, using the FEA always gave a lower value, ranging from 13.2% to 30.5%. Based on these results, an FEA incorporating Hill’s yield criterion is a conservative method for predicting compressive strength at an angle to the grain.

Keywords: compression; FEA; grain angle; Hill’s yield criterion; red meranti

Download Article
Bahasa Indonesia | English


Begin on 10 October 2014 this website is no longer activated for article process in Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, Journal of ICT Research and Applications and Journal of Visual Art and Design. The next process will be proceeded under new website at

For detail information please contact us to:

       ITB Journal Visitor Number #9594177       
       Jl. Tamansari 64, Bandung 40116, Indonesia Visitor IP Address #       
       Tel : +62-22-250 1759 ext. 121 © 2011 Institut Teknologi Bandung       
       Fax : +62-22-250 4010, +62-22-251 1215 XHTML + CSS + RSS       
       E-mail : or Developed by AVE