DOI Number : 10.5614/
Hits : 11

Development of an Inversion Method for Low Velocity Medium

Afnimar, Andri Dian Nugraha & Ahmad Syahputra

Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology,
Jalan Ganesa 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia

Abstract. The main problem with the inversion of a low velocity medium is the application of an appropriate ray tracing method after choosing a suitable model parameterization. Block parameterization is not suitable, because it is not capable of representing the velocity model well. A large amount of blocks with a small grid size are needed to express the model well, but in that case, a ray coverage problem will be encountered. A knot-point parameterization model is better suited than a block model, because it can express the velocity model well, while the number of variables is much smaller. Ray calculation using the pseudo-bending method is not appropriate for the velocity model because of an instability problem at high velocity gradients. The crucial problem of this method involves the initial ray-path that is optimized in order to obtain the “true” ray, but does not satisfy the Fermat principle. These problems can be solved by applying the eikonal-solver method, because this can handle high-velocity gradients and does not need an initial ray path. Using a suitable model parameterization and appropriate ray tracing method, the inversion can obtain good results that fit the desired output. Applying a block model and the pseudo-bending method will not produce the desired output.

Keywords: Eikonal-solver method; Fermat principle; knot-point parameterization; low velocity structure; pseudo-bending method.

Download Article
Bahasa Indonesia | English


Begin on 10 October 2014 this website is no longer activated for article process in Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, Journal of ICT Research and Applications and Journal of Visual Art and Design. The next process will be proceeded under new website at

For detail information please contact us to:

       ITB Journal Visitor Number #9340608       
       Jl. Tamansari 64, Bandung 40116, Indonesia Visitor IP Address #       
       Tel : +62-22-250 1759 ext. 121 © 2011 Institut Teknologi Bandung       
       Fax : +62-22-250 4010, +62-22-251 1215 XHTML + CSS + RSS       
       E-mail : or Developed by AVE