DOI Number : 10.5614/itbj.vad.2014.6.2.2
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Perupaan dan Sinkronisasi Artefak Percandian Batujaya di Karawang, Jawa Barat dengan Borobudur di Jawa Tengah dan Mon-Dwarawati di Thailand

Nuning Damayanti1, Ira Adriati1 & Savitri Putri Ramadina1,2

1Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain, Institut Teknologi Bandung,

Jl. Ganesa No. 10, Bandung, Indonesia

2Universitas Widyatama, Jl. Cikutra No. 204 A Bandung, Indonesia


Abstract. Batujaya enshrinement complex is a remnant of ancient Buddhist monument, located in Kecamatan Batujaya and Kecamatan Pakisjaya, Karawang, West Java. The two development phases of Batujaya would open the possibility of different interpretations of visual style in Batujaya. Based on these results, it could be concluded that the Buddhist sect worshipped in Batujaya was Mahayana sect, characterized by votive tablets depicting bodhisattva and Budha. Comparison of visual style with the artifacts dating from Mon-Dvaravati period in Thailand region and Borobudur in Central Java indicated that Batujaya artifacts tend to have more naturalistic style similar to Dwarawati primarily onfacial profile compared to Borobudur style that was closer geographically. There are characteristics found in Batujaya statues, namely the tendency of eyes being distorted and gave the impression of bulging, and wide noses. There is some possibility that it was based on the physical feature of local people or the local beliefs of an ideal physique.

Keywords: Batujaya; Mahayana Buddhism; statue; visual style; votive tablet.

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